Articles 370 and 35A

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What are the articles 370 and 35A

  • What’s Article 370: The Modi government took a historic decision on Jammu and Kashmir on Monday. In the Rajya Sabha, Amit Shah said in a statement that not all clauses of Article 370 will be applicable in Jammu and Kashmir. Let us know what are these currents and what is the dispute over them.
  • Article: This article gives special rights to Jammu and Kashmir. According to this, the Indian Parliament can legislate only in three areas – defense, foreign affairs and communications in the case of Jammu and Kashmir. Apart from this, the central government needs the approval of the state government to enforce any law.
  • Protest and support arguments
  • against: Those opposing the removal of this article think that this will give the people of the rest of India the right to buy land in Jammu and Kashmir. They will also be entitled to jobs and other government help. This will change their population.
  • Support: The case has been going on since 2014 in the Supreme Court. It was argued in the petition filed in the case that these are provisions against the spirit of India and promoting separatism. While Kashmir is also an integral part of India. These articles make a distinction between the citizens of a country.
  •  Who are the permanent citizens of the valley: According to the current Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, a permanent citizen is a person who was a citizen of the state on 14 May 1954 and has acquired the property in a legal manner. Apart from this, someone has been living in the state for 10 years.
  • Article 35A: Article 35A empowers the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly to decide the definition of ‘permanent resident’ of the state. Temporary citizens cannot settle permanently in Jammu and Kashmir nor can they purchase property there. They cannot even get a government job and scholarship in Kashmir. It was added to the constitution in 1954.

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